|Initial phase I safety of retrovirally transduced human chondrocytes expressing transforming growth factor-beta-1 in degenerative arthritis patients.||2015-02|
Cytotherapy.2012 Feb;14(2):247-56. doi: 10.3109/14653249.2011.629645.
Ha CW1, Noh MJ, Choi KB, Lee KH.
BACKGROUND AIMS. TissueGene-C (TG-C) represents a cell-mediated gene therapy for localized delivery of allogeneic chondrocytes expressing transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 directly to the damaged knee joint. Untransduced human chondrocytes (hChonJ cells) have also been incorporated into the TG-C product at a 3:1 ratio with TGF-β1-expressing chondrocytes (hChonJb#7) in order to help fill in the defect and as target cells for the actions of the expressed TGF-β1.
A phase I dose-escalating clinical trial was performed to evaluate the safety and biologic activity of TG-C in patients with advanced osteoarthritis of the knee joint (full thickness cartilage defect) that was refractory to existing non-operative therapies. Following a single intra-articular injection into the joint space of the damaged knee, patients were monitored for safety, and an evaluation was performed to assess the pharmacokinetics and biologic activity of TG-C.
There were no treatment-related serious adverse events. Swelling, effusion and minor localized reactions such as warming sensation or itching were observed in a dose-dependent manner at the injection site. Knee evaluation scores seemed to indicate a dose-dependent trend toward efficacy; however, patient numbers were not sufficient to determine statistical significance.
Overall, there were no significant safety issues related to the administration of TG-C, with only some minor injection site reactions observed. Additionally, knee scoring analyzes indicated a possibility that TG-C may contribute to improvement of arthritic symptoms. More study is warranted to evaluate further the safety and determine the potential efficacy of TG-C.